SA - Pikapolonica

    Mednarodne primerjave izvajanja programov in aktivnosti s področja socialne aktivacije

    Activation Workers’ Perceptions of Their Long-term Unemployed Clients’ Attitudes towards Employment

    Abstract

    The Work Programme's use of severe social security benefit sanctions reflects British coalition ministers’ belief that many people on out-of-work benefits do not want a job. While a substantial empirical literature has repeatedly demonstrated that in fact unemployed benefit claimants possess the same work values as the employed and that the vast majority want paid work, it has ignored some conservative authors’ pleas to consider the views and experiences of people who work with the unemployed. Forty employees of agencies contracted to help unemployed people into employment were interviewed in summer 2011. Respondents had spent an estimated combined total of 147,000 hours in the presence of people who have claimed Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) for over six months. Most said that between a quarter and half of their present clients did not want employment. This finding does not contradict existing research, given that most JSA claimants re-enter employment within six months. However, all forty agreed that many others remained unemployed because they were choosy in the jobs they were willing to undertake, and, most strikingly, respondents overwhelmingly endorsed the view that a ‘dependency culture’ exists in households and neighbourhoods that have experienced joblessness for several generations.

    https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-social-policy/article/activation-workers-perceptions-of-their-longterm-unemployed-clients-attitudes-towards-employment/88B9C7F91AB31E63F3D003144CE71113


    Social and Employment Policies for the long-term unemployed in Germany. Under which conditions are activation policies "social investment"?

    Conference: Assessing the Social Investment Strategy

    At: Lausanne

    Abstract

    This paper is concerned with advancing the theorization of social investment. To this end, we introduce three theoretical arguments. Firstly, we expand on Nolan’s (2013) proposition that one must distinguish between social investment as a policy paradigm and social investment as a policy approach. Secondly, we argue that the policy approach of social investment can be undergirded by two different and partly contradicting policy logics: an economic logic and a holistic logic. Thirdly, we suggest that the de-facto logic behind social investment depends not only on formal policy design put also on the operational governance of social investment policies. Using active labour market policies for the long-term unemployed in Germany as an illustrative example, we show that a mixed social investment logic predominates in Germany in both policy and discourse. Furthermore, we demonstrate that at the operational governance level, caseloads and an implicit target group approach jeopardize coherent social investment returns in practice. This finding suggests that policy-makers should consciously streamline activation systems either towards an economic or a holistic logic if strategic social investment returns are to be realized.

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265293005_Social_and_Employment_Policies_for_the_long-term_unemployed_in_Germany_Under_which_conditions_are_activation_policies_social_investment


    Activation is not a panacea: active labour market policy, long-term unemployment and institutional complementarity

    LUC BENDA∗, FERRY KOSTER∗∗ AND ROMKE VAN DER VEEN∗∗∗ 

    ∗Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands email: Ta e-poštni naslov je zaščiten proti smetenju. Potrebujete Javascript za pogled.
    ∗∗Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands email: Ta e-poštni naslov je zaščiten proti smetenju. Potrebujete Javascript za pogled.

    ∗∗∗Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands email: Ta e-poštni naslov je zaščiten proti smetenju. Potrebujete Javascript za pogled.

    Abstract

    Evaluation studies of active labour market policy show different activation measures gen- erate contradictory results. In the present study, we argue that these contradictory results are due to the fact that the outcomes of activation measures depend on other institutions. The outcome measure in this study is the long-term unemployment rate. Two labour market insti- tutions are of special interest in this context: namely, employment protection and unemploy- ment benefits. Both institutions, depending on their design, may either increase or decrease the effectiveness of active labour market policies in lowering long-term unemployment. Based on an analysis of macro-level data on  countries over a period of  years, our results show that employment protection strictness and unemployment benefit generosity interact with the way in which active labour market policies relate to long-term unemployment. Our results also indicate that, depending on the measure used, active labour market policies fit either in a flex- ible or in a coordinated labour market. This suggests that active labour market policies can adhere to both institutional logics, which are encapsulated in different types of measures.

    file:///Users/marinkavovk/Downloads/Repub_117271_O-A-2.pdf


    Connecting People with Jobs

    The labour market, activation policies and disadvantaged workers in Slovenia

    https://www.eu-skladi.si/sl/dokumenti/studije-in-vrednotenja/connecting-people-with-jobs_slovenia.pdf


    Fighting long-term unemployment:

    The contribution of European cities

     Long-termunemploymentisoneofthemusturgentchallengesinEuropetoday

    In February 2015, the European Commission launched a public consultation on tackling long-term unemployment, one of the most serious challenges that Europe faces today.

    Unemployment and in particular long term unemployment, especially amongst young  people and over 50s, has become an increasingly urgent issue for city administrations. The

    EUROCITIES declaration on work, launched on 26 February 2015, also highlighted it as a  serious challenge in our cities. Most European cities have noted an increase in

    unemployment since 2010 mainly due to the economic crisis.

    https://citiesatwork.eu/images/EUROCITIES-response-on-Long-Term-Unemployment.pdf


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